1. Scientifically Accurate
The Bible is not a book about science; but when it does speak scientifically, it is accurate. In fact, it was far ahead of any other writing of its time. Please consider the following:
2. Historically Accurate
Many people do not believe that the Bible is a reliable document of history. But, the fact is the Bible is very trustworthy as a historical document.
It should be obvious that the biblical documents, especially the New Testament documents, are superior in their quantity, time span from original occurrence, and textual reliability.
The Bible describes places, people, and events in various degrees of detail. It is essentially an historical account of the people of God throughout thousands of years. If you open to almost any page in the Bible you will find a name of a place and/or a person. Much of this can be verified from archaeology. And there isn't a single archaeological discovery that disproves the Bible in any way.
The walls of Jericho have been found--destroyed just as the Bible says. Many critics doubted that Nazareth ever existed, yet archaeologists have found a first-century synagogue inscription at Caesarea that has verified its existence. Finds have verified the existence of Herod the Great and his son Herod Antipas. The remains of the Apostle Peter's house have been found at Capernaum. Bones with nail scars through the wrists and feet have been uncovered as well demonstrating the actuality of crucifixion. The High Priest Caiaphas' bones have been discovered in an ossuary (a box used to store bones).
There is a host of archaeological digs that corroborate biblical records on places such as Bethsaida, Bethany, Caesarea Philippi, Capernaum, Cyprus, Galatia, Philippi, Thessalonica, Berea, Athens, Corinth, Ephesus, Rome, etc.
There is very little doubt in anyone's mind about the reality of so many of the Old and New Testament cities mentioned in the Bible. Therefore, it is hardly necessary to document their existence. Nevertheless, following is a partial list of some of the cities mentioned in the Bible that have been found and excavated by archaeologists. This is simply more evidence for the Bible because it describes actual locations that can be verified. This means that at the very least the Bible accurately reflects the locations and cities of ancient times.
Remember, this is only a partial list. There are hundreds of biblical cities that have been verified in archaeological digs.
A prophesy was a direct message from God to the people concerning future events. These messages were given through prophets. Capital
punishment by stoning was the penalty for any prophet whose prophesies
were not 100% true and fulfilled.
There are more than 100 prophesies concerning the coming Messiah. Jesus of Nazareth fulfilled, to the letter, every one of these prophesies to this date.
The following probabilities are taken from Peter Stoner in Science Speaks.
By using the modern science of probability in reference to just eight
prophesies (and Jesus fulfilled over 100), we find the chance that any
man might have lived down to the present time and fulfilled all eight
prophesies is one chance in 100,000,000,000,000,000 or 1 in 10 to
the 17th power.
If we would take 10 to the 17th silver dollars and lay them on the face of Texas they would cover the state two feet deep. Now mark one of these silver dollars and thoroughly mix the whole mess across the state. Then blindfold a man and tell him that he can travel as far as he wished, but he must pick up one silver dollar and say that it is the right one. What chance would he have of getting the right one? Just the same chance that the prophets would have had of writing these eight prophesies and them all coming true in any one man, providing they wrote them in their own wisdom.
We find the chance that any one man fulfilled all 48 prophecies to be 1 in 10157, or 1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000. The estimated number of electrons in the universe is around 1079. It should be quite evident that Jesus did not fulfill the prophecies by accident.
l. Type of Birth Isaiah 7:14 Matt. 1:18-23
2. Birthplace Micah 5:2 Luke 2:4, 6-7
3. Purpose of His Death Isaiah 53:4-6 1 Peter 2:24
4. Beat and Spit on Isaiah 50:6 Matt. 26:67, 27:29-30
5. Pierced Hands and Feet Psalms 22:16 John 20:27
6. Crucified with Thieves Isaiah 53:12 Matt. 27:38
7. Resurrection Psalms 16:9-10 Acts 2:31
8. Ascension Psalms 68:18 Acts 1:9
Others include: a specific lineage from Abraham to Isaac to Jacob to Judah to David, being betrayed by a friend to death for 30 pieces of silver, having no bones broken, having his clothes gambled for at death, having his side pierced on his death, the sun going dark at his death and raising Himself from the dead 3 days later.
For more on this read this.
4. Textually Authentic
If we were to look at a chart that compared the biblical documents with other ancient documents, we would see that the Bible is in a class by itself regarding the number of ancient copies and their reliability. Please consider the chart below.
the New Testament documents are better-preserved and more numerous than any other ancient writings. Because they are so numerous, they can be cross checked for accuracy . . . and they are very consistent.
There are presently 5,686 Greek manuscripts in existence today for the New Testament.1 If we were to compare the number of New Testament manuscripts to other ancient writings, we find that the New Testament manuscripts far outweigh the others in quantity.2
As you can see, there are thousands more New Testament Greek manuscripts than any other ancient writing. The internal consistency of the New Testament documents is about 99.5% textually pure. That is an amazing accuracy. In addition, there are over 19,000 copies in the Syriac, Latin, Coptic, and Aramaic languages. The total supporting New Testament manuscript base is over 24,000.
If the critics of the Bible dismiss the New Testament as reliable information, then they must also dismiss the reliability of the writings of Plato, Aristotle, Caesar, Homer, and the other authors mentioned in the chart at the beginning of the paper. On the other hand, if the critics acknowledge the historicity and writings of those other individuals, then they must also retain the historicity and writings of the New Testament authors; after all, the evidence for the New Testament's reliability is far greater than the others. The Christian has substantially superior criteria for affirming the New Testament documents than he does for any other ancient writing. It is good evidence on which to base the trust in the reliability of the New Testament.
Here's a quick comparison with Homer’s Iliad, the second oldest work we have. The New Testament has copies from as early as AD 125 (25-70 years after it was written and within life-spans of Jesus’ contemporaries). And the Iliad’s earliest copy is from 400 BC (500 yrs. after it was written). The New Testament has 24,000 early copies vs. Iliad’s 643.
Its continuity is staggering. There are 40 authors including kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, physicians, poets, statesmen, and scholars over a span of 60 generations in 1,600 years. There is perfect agreement with prophesy and fulfillment, historical facts and sequence.
It is printed in over 2200 languages and is the best seller every year.
To read about how we know the Bible hasn't been re-written so many times we can't trust it click here.